Image by/from Christoph Amberger
Sebastian Munster (20 The month of january 1488 – 26 May 1552) would be a German cartographer, cosmographer, along with a Christian Hebraist scholar.
His work, the Cosmographia from 1544, was the first German description around the globe.
He was created in Ingelheim, near Mainz, the boy of Andreas Munster. His parents along with other ancestors were maqui berry farmers.
In 1505, he joined the Franciscan order. 4 years later, he joined a monastery where he grew to become students of Konrad Pelikan for 5 years. Munster completed his studies in the College of Tubingen in 1518. His graduate advisor was Johannes Stoffler.
He left the Franciscans for that Lutheran Church to be able to accept a scheduled appointment in the Reformed Church-dominated College of Basel in 1529. He’d lengthy harboured a desire for the Lutherans, and through the German Peasants’ War, like a monk, he’d been frequently attacked. A professor of Hebrew, along with a disciple of Elias Levita, he edited the Hebrew Bible (2 vols. fol., Basel, 1534-1535), supported with a Latin translation and a lot of annotations. He was the very first German to create an edition from the Hebrew Bible.
He printed several Hebrew grammar, called the first to organize a Grammatica Chaldaica (Basel, 1527). His lexicographical labours incorporated a Dictionarium Chaldaicum (1527), along with a Dictionarium trilingue for Latin, Greek, and Hebrew in 1530.
He released a Mappa Europae (map of Europe) in 1536. In 1537 he printed a Hebrew Gospel of Matthew that they had acquired from Spanish Jews he’d converted. In 1540 he printed a Latin edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia with illustrations. The 1550 edition contains metropolitan areas, portraits, and costumes. These editions, printed in Germany, would be the most valued of the work. Other writings that adopted are Horologiographia (a treatise on dialling – constructing sundials, Basel, 1531), and Organum Uranicum (a treatise around the planetary motions, 1536).
His Cosmographia of 1544 was the first German-language description around the globe. It’d numerous editions in various languages including Latin, French, Italian, British, as well as Czech. The Cosmographia was probably the most effective and popular works from the 16th century. It undergone 24 editions in a century. This success was because of the fascinating woodcuts (some by Hendes Holbein the More youthful, Urs Graf, Hendes Rudolph Manuel Deutsch, and David Kandel), additionally to including the first one to introduce “separate maps for each one of the four continents known then – America, Africa, Europe and asia.” It had been most significant in reviving geography in 16th-century Europe. The final German edition was printed in 1628, lengthy after his dying.
Munster was also referred to as translator from the Hebrew Bible (Hebraica Biblia). His edition was printed in 2 volumes (1546) in Basel. The very first volume contains Genesis-2 Nobleman, following a order from the Masoretic codices. The 2nd volume provides the Prophets (Minor and major), The Psalms, Job, Proverb, Daniel, Chronicles, and also the Five Scrolls (The Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes and Esther).
His Rudimenta Mathematica was printed in Basel in 1551.
He died at Basel from the plague in 1552. His tombstone described him because the Ezra and also the Strabo from the Spanish people.
Several works of art with oil on canvas, woodcuts and copper etchings illustrate Sebastian Munster, by Hendes Holbein d. J. (Basel, c. 1530), Willem de Haen (1615), as rector from the College of Basel (by Christoph Amberger, um 1547), as well as on the 100-DM-bill as used 1962 to 1991.
Statue of Sebastian Munster before St. Remigius Church, Ingelheim
Cover of first edition of Cosmographia
His hometown Ingelheim in Cosmographia
Portrait of Sebastian Munster, edition of 1628
Europa regina in Munster’s “Cosmographia”, 1570.
Old 100 DM banknote, 1962-1991, depicting Munster.